Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair
There are two types of Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair:
This minimally invasive surgical procedure is performed under general anesthesia. Your surgeon makes a small incision beneath the navel. A needle is inserted through the incision and the abdomen is filled with gas. This allows your surgeon to view the internal organs clearly. The needle is removed and a camera is inserted through the incision. Further, 2 more incisions are made near the navel to introduce surgical instruments. The peritoneum (a membrane that lines the abdominal cavity) is cut and the hernia sac is removed carefully. A synthetic mesh is placed over the peritoneal opening and then closed with sutures. The disadvantage of the TAPP procedure is it can cause injury to adjacent abdominal organs. The advantage of the TAPP procedure is that it can be performed on patients who have undergone previous lower midline surgery.
This procedure is also performed under general anesthesia. Your surgeon makes small incisions below the navel. A balloon is placed in the preperitoneal space (space between the peritoneum and anterior abdominal wall) and filled with gas to separate the layers. The camera and the surgical instruments are passed through the incisions. Your surgeon exposes the hernial sac, repositions it and seals the hernia with a synthetic mesh. The incisions are then closed with sutures. The mesh slowly gets incorporated with the tissues of the abdominal wall. The advantage of TEP procedure is that it prevents the risk associated with damage to the internal organs as it is performed outside of the peritoneum.
Laparoscopic Ventral Hernia Repair
There are two types of Ventral Hernia Repair:
This means Intra Peritoneal Only Mesh and is the most common method for laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. Here the mesh is placed inside the internal lining of the abdominal wall and is in contact with loops of intestine. This is a special type of biological mesh designed to reduce the risk of adhesion formation.
This is a more complex procedure where the mesh is placed between the internal lining of the abdominal wall and the muscles thus ensuring that the mesh is not in contact with lops of intestine and no risk of forming adhesions. This procedure is best done robotically.
Risks and Complications of Laparoscopic Hernia Repair
As with all surgical procedures, hernia repair may be associated with certain complications, which include infection, bleeding, swelling, damage to the adjacent organs, failure to repair the defect, and recurrence.
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